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[Article] Racialized Homelessness: A Review of Historical and Contemporary Causes of Racial Disparities in Homelessness

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People of color or mixed race account for more than half of all people experiencing homelessness, despite comprising less than a quarter of the total population in the United States. What are the primary drivers of this severe racial concentration of homelessness? Through a literature review of historical and contemporary research, this article highlights the extensive history of homelessness among Black, Latinx, and Native American communities and finds evidence for racialized pathways into homelessness. The literature points to three primary systems of stratification that drive racial disparities in homelessness: racial economic inequality, housing discrimination and residential segregation, and the homeless response system. These findings suggest that homelessness is tightly interwoven with institutions and social systems that maintain racial hierarchy. Structural policies that address socioeconomic and racial inequality are more likely than current approaches to make substantial progress in reducing racial disparities in homelessness.

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  • By

    Matthew Z. Fowl- Taylor and Francis Online

  • Published

    May 13, 2024

  • Subject Area
    • Age-friendly Communities
    • Intercultural/Interfaith/Interlingual; Immigrants, Refugees, and Other Newcomers
    • LGBTQIA2S+
    • Indigenous Peoples and Indigenous Relations
    • Mental Health and Wellness
    • Social Connectedness / Social Isolation
    • General Health and Wellness
    • Housing
    • Information, Referral, & Advocacy
  • Audience
    • Service Providers (Non-profits, Community Organizations, Local government)
    • Government (Politicians, Policy Makers) and Health Authorities
    • Funders
    • Academics
    • Health Authorities
    • Government
    • Caregivers, Seniors & Volunteers
  • Category
    • Research & Evidence
    • Research & Reports
    • Best Practices
    • Advocacy


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